Stephen Grover Cleveland, (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd (1885–1889) and 24th (1893–1897) President of the United States, and the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. He was the only Democrat elected to the presidency in the era of Republican political domination between 1860 and 1912, and he was the first Democrat to be elected after the Civil War.
His admirers praise him for his honesty, independence and integrity, and for his adherence to the principles of classical liberalism [Wilson 1897]. Critics complained that he had little imagination and seemed overwhelmed by the nation's economic problems in his second term. He lost control of his Democratic party to the agrarians and silverites in 1896.